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流域模型是描述流域水文和水质过程,包括径流、侵蚀、沉积物和污染物的归驱的数学表达式,复杂度从经验公式负荷估算到基于过程机理模拟。使用流域模型可以直接模拟不同空间区域和土地类型污染源的负荷效应,动态评估现状或允许的空间污染负荷影响水体水质的过程及相对影响程度,主要用于评估流域污染负荷和管理措施实施效果。

序号 名称 全称 来源 水流 水质 流域 系统 免费 开源
1 AGNPS Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution Model USDA-ARS W
2 AGWA Automated Geospatial Watershed Assessment U.S.Department of Agriculture
3 AnnAGNPS Annualized Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution Model USDA-ARS W
4 BASINS Better Assessment Science Intergratiing Point and Nonpoint Sources EPA W
5 DIAS/IDLAMS Dynamic Information Architecture System/Integrated Dynamic Landscape Analysis and Modeling System Argonne National Laboratory U/W
6 DRAINMOD North Carolina State University W
7 DWSM Dynamic Watershed Simulation Model Illinois State Water Survey D/W
8 EPIC Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator Texas A&M University—Texas Agricultural Experiment Station D/U
9 GISPLM GIS-Based Phosphorus Loading Model College of Charleston, Stone Environmental, and Dr. William Walker (for Vermont DEC) W
10 GSSHA Gridded Surface Subsurface Hydrologic Analysis USACE D/W
11 GWLF Generalized Watershed Loading Functions Cornell University D/W
12 HEC-HMS Hydraulic Engineering Center Hydrologic Modeling System USACE U/W
13 HSPF Hydrologic Simulation Program— FORTRAN EPA D/W
14 KINEROS2 Kinematic Runoff and Erosion Model, v2 USDA-ARS D
15 LSPC Loading Simulation Program in C++ EPA and Tetra Tech, Inc. W
16 Mercury Loading Model Watershed Characterization System—Mercury Loading Model EPA W
17 MIKE SHE Danish Hydraulic Institute W
18 MUSIC Model for Urban Stormwater Improvement Conceptualization Monash University, Cooperative Research Center for Catchment Hydrology W
19 P8-UCM Program for Predicting Polluting Particle Passage through Pits, Puddles, and Ponds—Urban Catchment Model Dr. William Walker D
20 PCSWMM Stormwater Management Model Computational Hydraulics Int W
21 REMM Riparian Ecosystem Management Model U.S. Department of Agricultrue
22 SHETRAN University of Newcastle (UK) W
23 SLAMM Source Loading and Management Model University of Alabama D/W
24 SPARROW SPAtially Referenced Regression On Watershed Attributes USGS D
25 STORM Storage, Treatment, Overflow, Runoff Model USACE (Mainframe version), Dodson & Associates, Inc. (PC version) W
26 SWAT Soil and Water Assessment Tool USDA-ARS D/W
27 SWMM Storm Water Management Model EPA D/W
28 Toolbox TMDL Modeling Toolbox EPA W
29 TOPMODEL Lancaster University (UK), Institute of Environmental and Natural Sciences D/W
30 WAMView Watershed Assessment Model with an ArcView Interface Soil and Water Engineering Technology, Inc. (SWET) and EPA W
31 WARMF Watershed Analysis Risk Management Framework Systech Engineering, Inc W
32 WEPP Water Erosion Prediction Project USDA-ARS W
33 WinHSPF Interactive Windows Interface to HSPF EPA W
34 WMS Watershed Modeling System Environmental Modeling Systems, Inc. W
35 XP-SWMM Stormwater and Wastewater XP Software, Inc W